Treating Dermatitis with Therapeutic Agents
The common chronic relapsing inflammatory dermatoses characterized by erythematous plaques with dry whitish scales which involves areas of body having high concentration of sebaceous glands such as scalp, anterior hair line,central chest and genital area is called as Seborrheic Dermatitis (SD). In immune-competent adults the reported prevalence of SD is 1.5-2%.This disease is common in males as compared to females and has two peaks of onset.
SD has no permanent cure,but a variety of treatment options are available that can effectively treat by
1) Antifungal agents
2) anti-inflammatory agents(including topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors)
3) topical metronidazole
4) azelaic acid and keratolytic agents for treatment of SD.
Along with topical therapies such as
1)non steroidal anti-inflammatory antifungal protein cream
2)synthetic antimicrobial peptides and photodynamic therapy are emerging as newer treatment option for SD.