Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a type skin disorder,which causes the skin to itch,turn red and flake.it usually appears in babies or very young children, and may last until the child reaches adolescence or adulthood.With respective of age the locations where eczema occurs may change which is found in infants and young children on the face,outside the elbows,and on the knees. In severe cases the child's physician may also prescribe medications.The medications which are most commonly used to treat eczema are as follows:

·         Antihistamines.

·         Steroid creams

.         Oral antibiotics

The Current Issues in Pediatric Dermatology are as follows:

1)Generalized pustular psoriasis

 

2) lichen striatus

 

3) Eosinophilic cellulitis which usually occurs in Childhood

Genodermatosis is one of the most common inherited genetic skin condition.

It is grouped into three categories as follows

1) Chromosomal

2) single gene and

3) polygenetic

It affects both male /females. For abnormal allele the person who affects from genodermatosis are heterozygous.Affected pare n Affected parent transmit disorder to half their sons/ half daughters for an every affected individual.

Ex.NF,Tuberousselerosus

 

 

From plugged hair follicles acne appears.The surface of skin clog pores and create pimples or small, localized infections due to Oil, dirt, and dead skin cells.The treatment aims to clear away bacteria which is responsible for acne. Lifestyle remedies, topical medication, oral medication, and medical procedures are different acne treatments.

On our individual condition the treatment that’s right for us depends.Our treatment will be relatively easy,if we have mild to moderate acne, such as whiteheads or blackheads.If we are suffering from cystic or inflammatory acne, then the treatment may be more challenging. 

The loss of melanin occurs when the cells that produce this substance die,which appears in increasing areas of depigmentation on the skin and hair this skin condition is called as vitiligo.Specific cause for vitiligo is unknown.White patches on the skin are experienced by patients who suffer from vitiligo where depigmentation as occurred, premature whitening of the hair is also seen along with,change of color in the eye and loss of color on the inside of the mouth. Due to vitiligo depigmentation can develop in nearly any area of the body,in sun-exposed areas such as the face, hands, feet and arms.

Warts are caused by human papillomavirus which are small derma growth.Derma unearthliness is caused by more than 60 types of HPV.InVitiligo the pigment is lost from the skin leaving white patches. This track involves topics such as

1) Various types of warts with their managements and evaluations

2) Management of warts of HPV through Prevention, identification and Treatment, Diphenylcyclopropenone immune system therapy

3) Vitiligo diagnosis and treatment

4)Clinical patterns of vitiligo and Epidemiology of vitiligo

Gram-positive strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus or other organisms usually causes bacterial skin infections.The common bacterial skin infections are as follows:

·         A painful, red infection which can appear anywhere on the body and is usually warm to the touch which occurs most often on the legs is called cellulitis.

·         The infection of the hair follicles that causes red, swollen bumps that look like pimples is called Folliculitis.The cause of Folliculitis is Improperly treated pools or hot tubs which can harbor bacteria.

·         Usually in preschool-aged children,oozing sores are caused by impetigo.Large blisters are caused by the bullous form of impetigo where as yellow, crusted appearance is caused by the non-bullous form.

·         Deep skin infections that start in hair follicles and progress until pus accumulates underneath the skin are firm, red, tender bumps are called boils.

Using oral or topical antibiotics causing the infection Bacterial skin infections are usually treated depending on the strain.

The common fungal infections of skin are as follows: 

1)athletes foot

2)jock itch

3)ring worm

4)yeast infection

Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot is a fungal infection,it is very common infection which is,most common in the summer and in warm, humid climates and also called as tinea pedis is caused by peeling, redness,itching, burning and fungus of this infection can develop best in a warm,moist environment like shoes,socks,swimming pools and most oftenly in people who wear tight shoes.

Exanthems or rashes are caused by common childhood viral infections which are as follows:

·         Measles/morbilli

·         German measles/rubella

·         Chickenpox/varicella

·         Erythema infectiosum ,papular purpuric gloves and socks syndrome parvovirus

·         Due to herpes virus 6 and 7 ,it causes Roseola erythema subitum, due to herpes virus 6 and 7

·         Infectious mononucleosis /glandular fever,Ebstein Barr virus

 .         Enterovirus infections

The common chronic relapsing inflammatory dermatoses characterized by erythematous plaques with dry whitish scales which involves areas of body having high concentration of sebaceous glands such as scalp, anterior hair line,central chest and genital area is called as Seborrheic Dermatitis (SD). In immune-competent adults the reported prevalence of SD is 1.5-2%.This disease is common in males as compared to females and has two peaks of onset.

SD has no permanent cure,but a variety of treatment options are available that can effectively treat by

1) Antifungal agents

2) anti-inflammatory agents(including topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors)

3) topical metronidazole

4) azelaic acid and keratolytic agents for treatment of SD. 

Along with topical therapies such as

1)non steroidal anti-inflammatory antifungal protein cream

2)synthetic antimicrobial peptides and photodynamic therapy are emerging as newer treatment option for SD.

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterial scourge and is resistant to most common antibiotics and thus difficult to treat,where it commonly causes complicated skin and skin structure infections particularly in children.

A multi-institution research team in a randomized, controlled clinical trial the first of its kind reports that daptomycin which is part of a new class of antibiotics is effective currently approved only for use in adults and well tolerated in children.

Malignant melanoma is rapidly increasing in the United States because of age adjusted incidence and the rate of increase in all age groups was 2.8% per year from 1981 to 2001 and from1975 to 2001 in children (age < 20 years) it was 1.1% per year.Since melanoma is rare (300 to 420 new cases per year) the diagnosis is often delayed in children.When there is prompt identification and wide local excision of early disease the prognosis is good.Multiple host and environmental factors associated with increased risk of malignant melanoma have been identifies in adults in Case-control studies.

The Host factors are as follows:

1) Fair skin,

2) White race,

3) Blond or Red hair,

4) Light eye color,

5) Tendency to burn with UV radiation exposure,

6) Increased number of benign nevi,

7) Dysplastic nevi,

8) Family history of melanoma

9) Xeroderma pigmentosum